Cybersecurity strategies you should be familiar with.
The importance of cybersecurity cannot be overemphasized. Large and small Business entity are constantly under threat from cyber attackers. Having good guidelines, procedures, and cybersecurity practices is a must.
The following cybersecurity strategies, if well implemented, will help businesses or organizations safe from attacks.
Establishing secure connections
Industry regulations require that data sent in any establishment should be encrypted. Not complying with these rules can incur heavy penalties.
Companies should use firewalls between their internal network, and the internet will help fight attacks of this nature.
Using secure file transfer protocols such as SFTPS and FTPS helps to mask confidential information from hackers. These protocols use authentication methods, such as server certificates, client certificates, and passwords.
Hackers also target mobile devices of employees in and out of the office. They take advantage of public Wi-Fi, Bluetooth connections, and emails. Organizations should place strict rules on how employees use their devices. They should be careful of the links they click and avoid connecting to public Wi-Fi.
Data backup/ disaster control plan
Cybercriminals waste no time trying to blackmail a company. They often take companies and businesses into ransom. They threaten to encrypt and delete important data if their needs are not met.
Backing up important data is a way to protect against this form of threat. There are several ways to achieve this—the more frequent the backup, the better. A good cybersecurity strategy is the 3-2-1 backup rule.
Create at least three copies of your data, back them up in at least two storage media, and store one in the cloud or a remote location. Backing up data won’t only save you from cyberattacks, it can prevent data loss during a natural disaster or crisis.
Keeping an eye out for Phishing emails.
Employees and executives in an organization must be aware of the dangers of phishing emails. Clicking a harmless link through an email can have devastating effects.
Phishers use a method called spear phishing. They steal personal information from the staff and use it in their phishing emails. Their target is often sensitive data from the organization.
Countless companies have been victims of spear or whale phishing attacks. They use several tactics to lure employees into clicking a link or downloading malware.
An employee should be sure the mail is coming from a trusted sender before clicking or downloading any attachments. Other common things to look out for include grammatical and spelling errors.
One easy way in which hackers gain access to vital information is by cracking passwords. These hackers sometimes use a method called brute force attack to get passwords. This method involves overloading a system with thousands of combinations per minute until it gets the right one.
Another common way they do this is through a method called dictionary hacking. This method takes common words from the dictionary and combines them with letters, symbols, and characters until they get the password.
Passphrases should be encouraged instead of passwords. The use of spaces, punctuation marks, symbols, upper and lower cases makes them very difficult to crack. Passphrases are also easier to remember than passwords.
They should use different characters, and Employees should be mandated to change their passwords/passphrases frequently.
Keeping software up to date.
Antivirus and antispyware software still offer protection from threats. They protect you and your computers from malware, phishing, and network hacks.
This software should be kept up to date always to protect against new and evolved malware. They should be set to scan regularly and automatically check for updates and convenient times.
The operating software on all devices should also be updated regularly. Service providers try to keep up to date with new methods that hackers employ, and they roll out timely updates.
In addition to using strong passwords, companies and businesses should use multi-factor authentication. This adds an extra layer of security. Even if hackers gain access to passwords, they would still need to provide other verification factors, such as a fingerprint or a pin received on the phone.
Another form of MFA is adaptive multi-factor authentication. It analyses the context and behavior of the authentication. This method checks the location, the type of connection used, and the login time and takes appropriate security measures.
For instance, if an employee tries to access his company account from a café, the user will need to provide extra verification before he gains access.
Multi-factor authentication should be used in all organizations to take cybersecurity seriously.
Cyber-attacks cost companies millions of dollars every year. Being prepared for cyber threats and attacks itself is a strategy. Organizations should take appropriate steps before the advent of an attack.
One of the ways to prevent attacks Is to give training and increase awareness among staff. New employees may be more susceptible to attacks, and they must be fully informed about the importance of cybersecurity earlier on or Hire a Cybersecurity Expert.
Companies should mandate regular cybersecurity training for employees, security personnel, and board members. Simulations can be used to test knowledge and assess their preparedness for an attack. A good way to do this is to send them phishing emails and see how employees respond to them.
They should be kept abreast of new methods of cyberattacks. This can be done by having them read company memos and related articles on cybersecurity.
Keep an eye on other threats.
Cyberattacks can come from anywhere, even from within an organization. Disgruntled employees can leak sensitive data. You should not be surprised that 31.5% of successful cyber-attacks had an insider involved. Only trusted employees in a business should be given access to secure data. These employees should still be monitored. Doing so will reduce the risks of data leaks from insiders.
In 2017, the global rate of cyberattacks doubled. Some of these attacks occurred due to negligence and poor cybersecurity practices. Businesses and organizations are not 100% safe, but they don’t have to be defenseless against attacks.
Proactive steps have to be taken to ensure that the risk of attacks is reduced to the barest minimum.